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Native feeds

OpenCTI provides versatile mechanisms for sharing data through its built-in feeds, including Live streams, TAXII collections, and CSV feeds.

Feed configuration

Feeds are configured in the "Data > Data sharing" window. Configuration for all feed types is uniform and relies on the following parameters:

  • Filter setup: The feed can have specific filters to publish only a subset of the platform overall knowledge. Any data that meets the criteria established by the user's feed filters will be shared (e.g. specific types of entities, labels, marking definitions, etc.).
  • Access control: A feed can be either public, i.e. accessible without authentication, or restricted. By default, it's accessible to any user with the "Access data sharing" capability, but it's possible to increase restrictions by limiting access to a specific user, group, or organization.

Feed access restriction

By carefully configuring filters and access controls, you can tailor the behavior of Live streams, TAXII collections, and CSV feeds to align with your specific data-sharing needs.

Live streams


Live streams, an exclusive OpenCTI feature, increase the capacity for real-time data sharing by serving STIX 2.1 bundles as TAXII collections with advanced capabilities. What distinguishes them is their dynamic nature, which includes the creation, updating, and deletion of data. Unlike TAXII, Live streams comprehensively resolve relationships and dependencies, ensuring a more nuanced and interconnected exchange of information. This is particularly beneficial in scenarios where sharing involves entities with complex relationships, providing a richer context for the shared data.

In scenarios involving data sharing between two OpenCTI platforms, Live streams emerge as the preferred mechanism. These streams operate like TAXII collections but are notably enhanced, supporting:

  • create, update and delete events depending on the parameters,
  • caching already created entities in the last 5 minutes,
  • resolving relationships and dependencies even out of the filters,
  • can be public (without authentication).

Live stream

Resolve relationships and dependencies

Dependencies and relationships of entities shared via Live streams, as determined by specified filters, are automatically shared even beyond the confines of these filters. This means that interconnected data, which may not directly meet the filter criteria, is still included in the Live stream. However, OpenCTI data segregation mechanisms are still applied. They allow to restrict access to shared data based on factors such as markings or organization. It's imperative to carefully configure and manage these access controls to ensure that no confidential data is shared.

Illustrative scenario

To better understand how live streams are working, let's take a few examples, from simple to complex.

Given a live stream with filters Entity type: Indicator AND Label: detection. Let's see what happens with an indicator with:

  • Marking definition: TLP:GREEN
  • Author Crowdstrike
  • Relation indicates to the malware Emotet
Action Result in stream (with Avoid dependencies resolution=true) Result in stream (with Avoid dependencies resolution=false)
1. Create an indicator Nothing Nothing
2. Add the label detection Create TLP:GREEN, create CrowdStrike, create the indicator Create TLP:GREEN, create CrowdStrike, create the malware Emotet, create the indicator, create the relationship indicates
3. Remove the label detection Delete the indicator Delete the indicator and the relationship
4. Add the label detection Create the indicator Create the indicator, create the relationship indicates
5. Delete the indicator Delete the indicator Delete the indicator and the relationship

Details on how to consume these Live streams can be found on the dedicated page.

TAXII Collections

OpenCTI has an embedded TAXII API endpoint which provides valid STIX 2.1 bundles. If you wish to know more about the TAXII standard, please read the official introduction.

In OpenCTI you can create as many TAXII 2.1 collections as needed.

TAXII Collection

After creating a new collection, every system with a proper access token can consume the collection using different kinds of authentication (basic, bearer, etc.).

As when using the GraphQL API, TAXII 2.1 collections have a classic pagination system that should be handled by the consumer. Also, it's important to understand that element dependencies (nested IDs) inside the collection are not always contained/resolved in the bundle, so consistency needs to be handled at the client level.

CSV feeds

The CSV feed facilitates the automatic generation of a CSV file, accessible via a URL. The CSV file is regenerated and updated at user-defined intervals, providing flexibility. The entries in the file correspond to the information that matches the filters applied and that were created or modified in the platform during the time interval (between the last generation of the CSV and the new one).

CSV feed

CSV size limit

The CSV file generated has a limit of 5 000 entries. If more than 5 000 entities are retrieved by the platform, only the most recent 5 000 will be shared in the file.